What Is The Difference Between Ledger And Subledger?

How do you reconcile subledger to general ledger?

How to prepare general ledger to sub-ledger reconciliationStep 1: Compare G/L balance to the sub-ledger balance.

Step 2: Investigate reasons for the difference.After you have compared the G/L and sub-ledger and found modifications, you must investigate reasons for them.

Step 3: Adjust G/L and/or sub-ledger.

Step 4: Compare adjusted balances.More items….

What is a subledger vs general ledger?

The total of the transactions in the subledger roll up into the general ledger. For example, a subledger may contain all accounts receivable, or accounts payable, or fixed asset transactions. … In an accounting software package, a subledger is a database, rather than a manually-maintained book.

Why do you perform subledger to GL reconciliation?

An accountant performs a general ledger to sub ledger reconciliation to check that general ledger information is complete and accurate. The idea is to comb through the underlying data — typically in sub ledgers — to spot potential accounting errors or mathematical inaccuracies.

What is a GL reconciliation?

General Ledger Reconciliation is the process performed by accountants to verify the integrity of account balances on the company’s general ledger of accounts.

How do you prepare a reconciliation?

Bank Reconciliation: A Step-by-Step GuideCOMPARE THE DEPOSITS. Match the deposits in the business records with those in the bank statement. … ADJUST THE BANK STATEMENTS. Adjust the balance on the bank statements to the corrected balance. … ADJUST THE CASH ACCOUNT. … COMPARE THE BALANCES.

What is the GL sub ledger?

The subledger, or subsidiary ledger, provides details behind entries in the general ledger used in accounting. The subledger shows detail for part of the accounting records such as property and equipment, prepaid expenses, etc. … The total of the subledger would match the line item amount on the general ledger.

How many types of reconciliation are there?

fiveThere are five main types of account reconciliation: bank reconciliation, customer reconciliation, vendor reconciliation, inter-company reconciliation and business-specific reconciliation. Let’s explore each one of them in detail.

What is primary and secondary ledger?

A primary ledger is defined as a ledger where all your day-to-day transactions are performed and you would typically have a secondary ledger to reflect these same transactions in one of the following probable scenarios: In a different Chart of Accounts. In a different Accounting Basis.

What are the two types of ledger?

General Ledger – General Ledger is divided into two types – Nominal Ledger and Private Ledger. Nominal ledger gives information on expenses, income, depreciation, insurance, etc. And Private ledger gives private information like salaries, wages, capitals, etc. Private ledger is not accessible to everyone.

What is General Ledger in ERP?

The General Ledger (GL) is the primary accounting record for a business. It tracks all financial transactions and is used to generate the company’s financial statements, including the Income Statement and Balance Sheet.

Can a ledger have multiple sub ledgers attached to it?

Accounting operations using multiple ledgers can include single or multiple applications instances. You need multiple ledgers if one of the following is true: You have companies that require different account structures to record information about transactions and balances.

What is general ledger with an example?

A common example of a general ledger account that can become a control account is Accounts Receivable. The summary amounts are found in the Accounts Receivable control account and the details for each customer’s credit activity will be contained in the Accounts Receivable subsidiary ledger.

Why do we do reconciliation?

Reconciliation is an accounting process that ensures that the actual amount of money spent matches the amount shown leaving an account at the end of a fiscal period. Individuals and businesses perform reconciliation at regular intervals to check for errors or fraudulent activity.

How is subledger linked to GL?

A sub ledger is used for tracking individual items and transactions separate to the General Ledger (GL). … Each sub-ledger links to the GL by way of a control account (e.g. Debtors control the AR sub-ledger etc.). The total of the sub-ledger account should equal the balabce in the control account at all times.

Can an organization have multiple ledgers?

A ledger may have multiple OUs, and an OU may have multiple inventory organizations. … And if you have two totally different companies working out of the same home currency (one ledger), with their own bank accounts for paying bills and issuing invoices, you may very well want to create a separate OU.

What is the definition of ledger?

A ledger is a book containing accounts in which the classified and summarized information from the journals is posted as debits and credits. … The ledger contains the information that is required to prepare financial statements. It includes accounts for assets, liabilities, owners’ equity, revenues and expenses.

Why do we need general ledger?

The general ledger holds account information that is needed to prepare the company’s financial statements, and transaction data is segregated by type into accounts for assets, liabilities, owners’ equity, revenues, and expenses.

What is AP reconciliation?

Before closing the books at the end of each reporting period, the accounting staff must verify that the detailed total of all accounts payable outstanding matches the payables account balance stated in the general ledger. … This is called an accounts payable reconciliation.